Covid-19 Pandemic Timeline: Part 1

January – February

Timeline of Covid-19

  • January 3, 2020 – CDC Director Robert Redfield was notified by a counterpart in China that a “mysterious respiratory illness was spreading in Wuhan, China. He notified HHS Secretary Alex Azar, who shared the report with the National Security Council (NSC)  
  • January 5 – the World Health Organization (WHO) reported a “pneumonia of unknown cause” in Wuhan, China. The WHO advised against travel or trade restrictions at the time
  • January 6 – the CDC Director offered in a letter to Chinese officials to send a team of CDC scientists to assist China. China did not accept the offer for several weeks, which delayed the U.S. access to the virus, important for developing diagnostic tests and a vaccine. China did release genetic data on the new coronavirus on January 9. Also, officials of the HHS convened an intra-agency task force including Redfield (CDC), Azar (HHS), and Anthony S. Fauci, Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
  • January 7 – Ohio claims to have the first COVID-19 patient
  • January 8 – the CDC issued its first public alert about the coronavirus
  • January 9 – the WHO issued a statement naming the disease as a new coronavirus in Wuhan
  • January 10 – the WHO issued a comprehensive package of guidance to countries on how to test for potential cases. They also warned of the risk of human-to-human transmission
  • January 14 – the WHO held a press briefing stating that their information suggested a possibility of limited, but not sustained, human-to-human transmission. The WHO recommended countries to take precautions due to the human-to-human transmission during earlier SARS and MERS outbreaks. The WHO also tweeted that “preliminary investigations conducted by the Chinese authorities have found no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission of the novel coronavirus. The head of China’s National Health Commission, Ma Xiaowei, confidentially provided a “grim” situation assessment to key Chinese health officials. The related memo said “human-to-human transmission is possible.” An investigation by AP News indicated that the reporting of a case in Thailand prompted the meeting, as well as the risk of spread with heightened travel during the Chinese New Year and various political considerations. However, the Chinese public was not warned until January 20
  • January 20 – both the WHO and Chinese authorities announced the confirmation that human-to-human transmission of the coronavirus had already occurred. The first recorded U.S. case of the new virus was also reported in an American citizen traveling from Wuhan, China, to his home in Washington state. The CDC developed its own coronavirus test (as it typically does) and used it to evaluate the first U.S. case. The CDC test was soon found to be defective, with the third probe giving inconclusive results. The CDC directed state health department labs to send all samples to the CDC lab in Atlanta for evaluation, significantly increasing testing turn-around times. The Chinese Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping and State Council premier Li Keqiang issued the first public warning about the coronavirus to Chinese citizens. Dr. Fauci announces the National Institutes of Health is already working on the development of a vaccine for the coronavirus
  • January 21 – A man who had returned from Wuhan was hospitalized for the virus in Washington state on January 21, 2020. He was released after two weeks of treatment. A few days later, another case was reported in Chicago, by a woman who had also just returned from Wuhan. A third case was confirmed a day later in Orange County, California.
  • January 22 – Trump received his first public question from a reporter regarding whether he was concerned about the coronavirus. Trump responded: “No, not at all. And we have it totally under control. It’s one person coming in from China … It’s going to be just fine.”
  • January 23 – Chinese authorities shut down Wuhan, a city of 11 million, which heightened the urgency for the U.S. response team. The Washington Post reported that Secretary Azar (HHS) instructed his team to establish a surveillance mechanism shortly thereafter, but the money and diagnostic tests “would elude U.S. officials for months”. The entire Hubei province, which contains Wuhan, was locked-down January 30
  • January 24 – the U.S. Senate was briefed on the coronavirus by key health officials. U.S. Senators Richard M. BurrKelly LoefflerDianne Feinstein, and James Inhofe allegedly sold stock thereafter, prior to significant declines in the stock market. In Senator Loeffler’s case, the sales began the same day as the briefing. All denied any wrongdoing, citing various reasons. Senator Burr faced calls for his resignation
  • January 26 – Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer calls on Feds to declare coronavirus outbreak a public health emergency
  • January 27 – the WHO assessed the risk of the coronavirus to be “high at the global level”
  • January 29 – the U.S. formally announced a White House Coronavirus Task Force, including senior officials such as acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney and others at HHS, CDC, and the U.S. State Department. President Trump attended the meeting on January 29, and tweeted related photos. However, the scope was limited initially to the logistics of keeping travelers out of the U.S. from China, and evacuating U.S. citizens. They did not initially focus on testing or supplies in the U.S. The U.S. government evacuated 195 State Department employees from Wuhan along with their families and other U.S. citizens to March Air Reserve Base near Riverside, California, where they were kept under quarantine for 14 days, although none had been infected. The New York Times reported that President Trump was told “at the time” of a January 29 memo by trade adviser Peter Navarro that the coronavirus could cause as many as half a million deaths and trillions in economic damage. On January 30, HHS Secretary Azar warned President Trump about the “possibility of a pandemic”
  • January 30 – the first case of person-to-person transmission was confirmed in Chicago, between a married couple, after the wife returned from China. The WHO named the coronavirus outbreak that originated in Wuhan, China, a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, warning that “all countries should be prepared for containment, including active surveillance, early detection, isolation and case management, contact tracing and prevention of onward spread”
  • January 31 – another case of a person who returned from Wuhan was confirmed in California, which marked the seventh known case in the U.S. The Trump Administration, through the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, declared a public health emergency, and imposed a mandatory 14-day quarantine for any U.S. citizen who has visited Hubei Province in China within the preceding two weeks. It also began denying entry of non-U.S. nationals who had traveled to China within the preceding two weeks. This was the first such travel restriction by the U.S. in more than 50 years
  • February 3 – 49 members of Congress signed a letter to CDC Director Redfield highlighting the urgency of distributing a rapid diagnostic kit that could be processed locally, rather than centrally at the CDC in Atlanta, which they referred to as an “unsustainable bottleneck” as the number of suspected cases rise. Reuters reported that WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said there was no need for measures that “unnecessarily interfere with international travel and trade” to halt the coronavirus. He praised the Chinese response, and referred to the virus’s spread as “minimal and slow”
  • February 5 – the twelfth case is discovered: another college student from Wisconsin. That day, the U.S. evacuates 345 citizens from Hubei Province and takes them to two air bases in California to be quarantined for 14 days. Another government evacuation flight takes place on February 6, containing 300 passengers, most of who are taken to bases in Nebraska and Texas. By this time, more than 500 people are quarantined at three air bases
  • February 6 – the Centers for Disease Control began sending 90 of its own viral detection tests to state-run labs which discovered the tests were inadequate and viral samples had to be shipped to the Atlanta CDC lab instead. Also, the WHO Director-General said: “We have shipped 250,000 tests to more than 70 laboratories around the world, and we’re training lab workers to use them.” Researchers at Stanford and other laboratories had developed tests following the WHO protocol, but “relatively tight” rules at the Food and Drug Administration discouraged them from using them. These rules were not relaxed until early March
  • February 11 – WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a briefing: “[A] virus is more powerful in creating political, economic and social upheaval than any terrorist attack … If the world doesn’t want to wake up and consider this enemy virus as Public Enemy Number 1, I don’t think we will learn our lessons”
  • February 15 – the government evacuates 338 U.S. nationals stranded aboard the cruise ship Diamond Princess, which had been held in quarantine in Yokohama, Japan. Fourteen of those repatriated people are infected with the virus. Five more nationals who were also reported as being infected are evacuated from the ship the following week, and are quarantined at an airbase in California. Six more cases are subsequently confirmed among those who were evacuated from the cruise ship
  • February 20 and 21 – two more cases of people who had returned from China are confirmed in California. The first case of community transmission, because it had no known origin, is confirmed in Solano County, California. A second case of unknown origin is confirmed two days later, also in California, followed by others in Oregon and Washington state
  • February 24 – President Trump tweeted: “The Coronavirus is very much under control in the USA … CDC and WHO have been working hard and very smart.” Speaker Pelosi, when asked if people should stay away from San Francisco’s Chinatown stated: “That’s what we’re trying to do today is to say everything is fine here,” Pelosi said. “Come because precautions have been taken. The city is on top of the situation.”
  • February 25 – HHS Secretary Azar testified before the U.S. Senate. National Geographic summarized his testimony, reporting that “the Strategic National Stockpile has just 30 million surgical masks and 12 million [N95] respirators in reserve.” An additional 300 million of each could be required to protect health workers. HHS said it intended to purchase as many as half a billion respirators and surgical face masks over the next year and a half. National Geographic concluded that the “U.S. has only a fraction of the medical supplies it needs to combat coronavirus”
  • February 26 – President Trump said: “When you have 15 people, and the 15 within a couple of days is going to be down close to zero, that’s a pretty good job we’ve done.” Vice-President Mike Pence was appointed to lead the Coronavirus Task Force, replacing HHS Secretary Azar as the group’s leader. Pence was the first official from within Trump’s White House to coordinate the planning and response, two months after the government became aware of the coronavirus
  • February 28 – the CDC revised its faulty test for COVID-19
  • February 29 – the first death from coronavirus in the U.S. was reported at Evergreen Health Medical Center in Kirkland, Washington, followed by two other confirmed cases in a nursing home in the same city. (Later, it would be reported that the first U.S. death had actually occurred on February 6.) New cases continued to show up in California and Illinois. The Food and Drug Administration began loosening rules that had restricted labs from developing their own coronavirus tests

**The majority of the timeline originated from Wikipedia at the following link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_COVID-19_pandemic_in_the_United_States

Yellow Journalism

Have you ever stood in the check out line at the grocery store and read through the front-page headlines of the magazines on the shelf? Many of these eye-catching headlines seem unbelievable, but they probably peak your curiosity enough to make you want to look inside and read more. That is what the magazine publishers hope you’ll do, at least. This type of reporting is known as yellow journalism.

You might think this form of journalism is a new thing but long before radio, television, and the Internet, newspapers served as the means to communicate information to a wide audience. In the late 1800s, as immigrants poured into American cities, newspaper publishers saw the potential for greater profits through increased sales.

Yellow journalism is the American term for journalism that presents little or no legitimate, well-researched news while instead uses eye-catching headlines for increased sales. The British call it tabloid journalism. Techniques may include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism. By extension, the term yellow journalism is used today as a pejorative to decry any journalism that treats news in an unprofessional or unethical fashion.

Mainstream Media (MSM)

Wikipedia actually has the best definition of Mainstream media that I could find: MSM is a term and abbreviation used to refer collectively to the various large mass news media that influence many people. It both reflects and shapes prevailing currents of thought.

Examples of media NOT considered mainstream would be user-generated content such as YouTube videos or blogs. These are published by individuals instead of the major corporations that publish newspapers and broadcast shows.

As we all know, journalism has changed a great deal over the years. A couple of decades ago, journalists prided themselves on being unbiased and kept their opinions out of their news broadcasts and newspaper articles other than specific editorial pieces. Today, each reporter seems to have their own agenda and political slant when reporting the news. The jury is still out on whether this is good or bad but it is increasingly hard to find “just the facts” on anything.

G2: how to heal

The idea of pain and healing occurring at the cellular level is revolutionary yet completely obvious. Beautiful poem…

rarasaur

Your body is not small.

The total surface area of the human lung could be spread to the height of a brachiosaurus.

If you want to heal,
you must first
find every bruised place.

Your body is not obvious.
It sheds forty thousand cells
every minute,
and who knows how many of those
were the last to remember
the bruising?

Just in case,
count their ancestors
in your census
of pain.
Even a cell can inherit a wound.

Next,
you must tell somebody
where it hurts.

You have to be specific,
and this may take some time.

The human heart beats 100,000 times per day.

If you want to speak to someone about the beat that was broken,

they will want to see it. They will have to search for it.

They will sift through everything you keep in the pockets of those rhythms.

Together, you may find some old…

View original post 433 more words

SOCIAL MEDIA DICTIONARY

ELECTION 2020

Sometimes I see a word or subject being thrown around over social media without really knowing and understanding what it means. Some of these are complicated issues that take a lot of research to understand. I decided to do more research myself and to start compiling these terms in an effort to educate and inform myself (mainly) and anyone else who reads my blog. My goal is to post one each day until the election is over. Feel free to comment any corrections or additions and suggest more terms that you would like me to research. I will do my best to be Switzerland or at least as fair as Chris Wallace… 😉

Click below for the first post: Marxism, Communism, Socialism https://thehistoryninja.wordpress.com/wp-admin/post.php?post=55&action=edit

Marxism, Communism, Socialism

I decided to group these three terms together since they are thrown around interchangeably on social media. They all are social, economic and political theories that some in power would like to adopt for America. Each one can fill a book with its different ideas and principles and variations but here are the theories, briefly summarized:

  • Marxism – the world is divided into two classes: the workers in the factories, farms and offices, and the capitalists (or bourgeoisie) who own the factories, land, and buildings that the workers work in. This class conflict should ultimately result in…
  • Socialism – the means of making, moving, and trading wealth should be owned or controlled by the workers. This means the money made belongs to the people who make it, instead of a group of private owners.  Or,
  • Communism – a version of society based on the common ownership of the means of production that does not rely on social classes, or money. It believes that individual decisions should be good for the population as a whole, instead of just being good for only some part of people in the country.
NINJA TIP: Visit Simple Wikipedia to read about any subject you want to learn more about https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

Richmond Pearson Hobson

Richmond Pearson Hobson was born on August 17, 1870, at the family plantation, Magnolia Grove, in Greensboro, Alabama. One of seven children, he was initially tutored at home and then enrolled in Greensboro’s Southern University (now Birmingham-Southern College) at the age of 12 (twelve!). After graduation in 1885, he won an appointment to the United States Naval Academy and at the age of 15 (fifteen!) was the youngest midshipman in his class.

He distinguished himself as a skilled orator and student and graduated first in his class. In 1893, after serving in the Navy and learning about naval design, Hobson was appointed Assistant Naval Constructor at the U.S. Navy’s Bureau of Construction and Repair in Washington, DC. There, he supervised the construction of new naval vessels across the nation; he would later advocate for the removal of all woodwork on ships because it was such a fire hazard.

As a naval officer and later a congressman, Hobson consistently championed America’s need to achieve naval supremacy to protect America’s physical security and to safeguard the nation’s economic interests, particularly in Asia and South America. He thought that a strong navy would provide America with the power and influence to maintain world peace.

Size of the US Navy in 2019
  • 336,978 active duty personnel
  • 279,471 civilian employees,
  • 101,583 ready reserve personnel
  • 290 deployable ships (as of 2019) of 480 total ships
  • 3,900+ Dept. of Navy manned aircraft combined

To learn more, click: https://www.navy.com/start?activity=1228880

One of Hobson’s close friends was the inventor Nikola Tesla. Tesla served as the best man in Hobson’s 1905 wedding. In later years, Hobson was the only person who was able to persuade Tesla to interrupt his intellectual pursuits for a movie gathering.

Nikola Tesla

To learn more, click: https://www.history.com/topics/inventions/nikola-tesla

For nearly three decades, Hobson’s most consuming cause became banning alcohol and narcotics. He approached prohibition as a moral crusade, believing that alcohol consumption impeded the proper, progressive course of human development and evolution by weakening intellectual capabilities. In 1908, he campaigned for a prohibition amendment in Alabama, which once passed made the state dry before the nation embraced the prohibition of alcohol. In 1919, Hobson authored Alcohol and the Human Race, in which he argued that alcohol was a cause of human degeneracy. After the passage of the 18th Amendment in 1919, Hobson turned his attention to launching a world-wide prohibition campaign and raising awareness on the evils of narcotics, particularly heroin. Although his anti-narcotics campaign never gained the momentum that the American prohibition campaign had, Hobson presided at a meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1931 at which 57 countries agreed to limit the production of opium.

To learn more, click: https://www.cdc.gov/injury/features/prescription-drug-overdose/index.html

Who is the History Ninja?

History is anything that happened before this moment. You have ancient history, medieval history, American history, even current history. You can pretty much put any word before the word history and it will make sense.

Ninjas throughout time were the guys (and gals) who did the dirty work. They weren’t honorable enough to be samurai so they hid their identities behind a mask. They crept around at night in all black waiting for the right moment to strike.

So what is a history ninja? Well, at this moment, particularly in the United States, our history is being portrayed as something that should be hidden away as if we should be ashamed of it. Statues are being torn down, movies are being edited and books are being burned.

Statues being taken down across the South

I think that history and ninjas have gotten a bad rap. So, the History Ninja and I are going to try to change that. We’re here to shine a new light on history. To bring it into today’s world and show that even though it isn’t always pretty, it is still relevant; and more importantly, we can learn from it. We can use it as a tool to insure that we don’t repeat the mistakes of the past.

So, as current events unfold, The History Ninja will sneak through history and find some stories or events or people that can add some wisdom and perspective in order to understand what’s happening and how we can move forward. My hope is that you not only learn something about history but that you also understand today better and most of all, make the future better than the past.

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The History Ninja

Sneaking through the pages of history books seeking knowledge to drop on today’s world.

The History Ninja

Sneaking through the pages of history books seeking knowledge to drop on today’s world.

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Little treasures discovered while exploring the back roads of life

Today in History

"Tell me a fact, and I'll learn. Tell me a truth, and I'll believe. But tell me a story, and it will live in my heart forever." - Steve Sabol, NFL Films

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