Covid-19 Pandemic: Part 2

  • March 2 – coronavirus cases in the U.S. reach 100, including 48 from repatriated citizens from Wuhan or the Diamond Princess. New Hampshire officials announce the state’s first case, an employee with Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center who had been to Italy
  • March 3 – Ohio Governor Mike DeWine cancels the Arnold Classic due to coronavirus concerns even though the state had no confirmed cases, a move which the Washington Post said seemed radical at the time. Arizona’s Department of Health Services reports a new confirmed case in Maricopa County, a man in his 20s who had contact with a case outside of Arizona. The man was isolated in his home. In New Hampshire, public health officials confirm a second case of coronavirus in an individual who made contact with the first case after the first case defied quarantine orders and attended a private event organized by Dartmouth College‘s Tuck School of Business in White River Junction, Vermont. New York officials announce the state’s second confirmed case: a man in his 50’s in New RochelleWestchester County who had not recently traveled to any foreign countries affected by the outbreak. In North Carolina, Governor Roy Cooper announces the state’s first confirmed case: a person who had traveled to Washington and was “exposed at a long term care facility.”
  • March 4 – The U.S. Department of Homeland Security confirms that a “contract medical screener” for the CDC working at the Los Angeles International Airport tested positive for coronavirus. The individual was put in self-isolation at home. In California, Governor Gavin Newsom declares a state of emergency. In New York, officials confirm four new cases of coronavirus: the wife, son, and daughter of the second case, as well as the man’s neighbor who drove him to the hospital. The new cases prompt the partial closure of the main campus of Yeshiva University, where the man’s son is a student, as well as the high school in the Bronx borough of New York City where the daughter is a student. On the same day, another five confirmed cases are reported in a friend of the second case, as well as that friend’s wife, two sons, and daughter. HHS announced the intent to purchase approximately 500 million N95 respirators over the following 18 months to respond to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus
  • March 5 – Nevada, Colorado, Tennessee, and Maryland announce their first cases, New Jersey announces a second presumptive case, while Washington announces 31 new cases
  • March 6 – Ten states report their first case of coronavirus: Hawaii, Utah, Nebraska, Kentucky, Indiana, Minnesota, Connecticut, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Oklahoma. Many cases are associated with passengers from the Grand Princess cruise ship, which is being held off the California coast near San Francisco. Testing on the ship reveals 21 positives. The day also sees 6 deaths reported. Four are reported from Washington, by the hospital that treated patients from the LifeCare long-term care facility. Two are reported from Florida and represent the third state (after Washington and California) with reported deaths. This brings the total deaths to 18: 15 in Washington, 1 in California, and 2 in Florida
  • March 7 – Virginia, Kansas, Missouri, and Washington, D.C. announces its first cases. A new death is reported for March 7 in Washington. This brings the total confirmed U.S. deaths due to coronavirus to 19, 16 in Washington, 1 in California, and 2 in Florida. In Pennsylvania, Governor Tom Wolf announces two new positive cases in Montgomery County; both cases are related to travel within the United States
  • March 8 – Iowa and Vermont report their first cases of infection with the coronavirus. Three new deaths were reported in WA. This brought the total confirmed U.S. deaths due to coronavirus to 22: 19 in Washington, 1 in California, and 2 in Florida
  • March 9 – Ohio Governor Mike DeWine declares a state of emergency after Ohio reports its first cases of COVID-19. As of March 9, Alabama, Alaska, Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, and West Virginia have no cases, while Montana, Delaware, Wyoming and Arkansas have suspected cases. Washington reports 3 new deaths and California 1, bringing the number of U.S. coronavirus deaths to 26
  • March 10 – South Dakota and Michigan report their first cases. Mitigation measures are expanded in New York, Massachusetts, and Washington with a transition to online classes for universities and colleges. The first semi-containment zone is announced in New York. Two new deaths are reported in Washington and one death each in California, New Jersey, and South Dakota. This brings the total number of U.S. deaths to 31
  • March 11 – Confirmed coronavirus cases in the United States surpass 1,100. Arkansas, Delaware, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Dakota and Wyoming reported their first cases. More universities and colleges suspend classes or move to remote-access teaching. Washington Governor Jay Inslee orders a halt to all gatherings of greater than 250 in three counties, while Ohio Governor Mike DeWine orders all public gatherings of more than 1,000 people to be banned statewide. Five new deaths are reported in Washington and one death in California. This brings the total U.S. deaths to 37. President Trump said in an Oval Office address: “For the vast majority of Americans, the risk is very, very low.” WHO Director-General Tedros said the WHO “made the assessment that COVID-19 can be characterized as a pandemic.”
  • March 12 – Total U.S. cases passed 1,500. More universities and colleges transitioned to online attendance across the country. Public school closures are announced in Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Mexico, Ohio, Utah, Virginia and Washington state. Georgia and Kansas report their first deaths and Washington state reports 2 additional deaths. This brings the total U.S. deaths to 41. Most major sports leagues, including MLS, the NHL, and the National Lacrosse League, announce the suspension of their seasons that are already in progress. The XFL terminates its inaugural season, while Major League Baseball announces the cancellation of all remaining spring training games and delays the start of their 2020 season. In addition, the NCAA cancels all postseason tournaments in their winter and spring sports, which includes the men’s and women’s basketball tournaments, as well as the baseball and softball tournaments. The cancellation of the basketball tournament marks the first time the tournament will not be held due to unforeseen circumstances
  • March 13 – Total U.S. cases passed 2,100. Colorado reported its first death. Florida and California both reported an additional death and Washington state reported 6 additional deaths. This brought the total number of deaths in the U.S. to 50. President Trump took a COVID-19 test after coming into contact with several people who had contracted the disease and found to be negative. The House passed an aid package for workers and individuals that was supported by President Trump. He also issues the Proclamation on Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak, declaring a national state of emergency. Reuters reported that Germany and Italy ordered 10,000 and 5,000 ventilators, respectively. The U.S. follows with a 10,000 ventilator order in late March, with many not expected to arrive until the summer or fall, too late for the expected peak impact.
Medical ventilator machine
  • March 14 – North Carolina schools ordered to close for two weeks. Governor Roy Cooper also issued an executive order to prevent mass gathering.  Ohio Governor DeWine and Department of Health Director Amy Acton on March 14 recommended Ohioans postpone elective surgeries. Oklahoma: Governor Kevin Stitt took a selfie with his family in a crowded restaurant. Stitt tweeted, “It’s packed tonight!” and was criticized on social media for ignoring social distancing. Stitt deleted the tweet in response to the backlash. Virginia Governor Ralph Northam announced Virginia’s first death from the coronavirus.
  • March 15 – the CDC issued guidance recommending against any gathering of 50 or more people for an eight-week period.
  • March 16 – President Trump issued new guidelines urging people to avoid social gatherings of more than ten people and to restrict discretionary travel. He stopped short of ordering a quarantine or a curfew, but he said restrictions may last until July or August. He acknowledged that the country may be headed for a recession. Despite the fact that the Federal Reserve Bank lowered interest rates the day prior, the stock market fell once again.
  • March 17 – 5,145 people in the United States have been infected; at least 91 have died. The Peace Corps fires all 7,300 volunteers in 61 countries. According to vessel manifests maintained by U.S. Customs and Border Protection, a steady flow of the medical equipment needed to treat the coronavirus was still being shipped abroad. FEMA said the agency “has not actively encouraged or discouraged U.S. companies from exporting overseas”, and has asked USAID to send back its reserves of protective gear stored in warehouses for use in the U.S.
  • March 18 – California Governor Gavin Newsom issues the country’s first statewide stay-at-home order.  In Florida, U.S. congressman Mario Díaz-Balart is one of the first members of Congress to test positive for coronavirus. Thousands of spring-breakers flock to Florida beaches despite warnings about keeping socially distanced. The coronavirus has infected 328 Florida residents and visitors. In Louisiana, Reverend Tony Spell of Life Tabernacle Church in East Baton Rouge Parish hosts hundreds at a church service in open defiance of Governor John Bel Edwards’ ban against gatherings of more than 50 people.
  • March 19 – Three thousand doctors and medical workers sign a letter asking ICE to release individuals and families detained for immigration violations, noting that overcrowded conditions are ripe for the propagation of a virus.  In California, the state orders the closure of all museums, malls and other non-essential workplaces effective March 20. All 40 million citizens in the state are ordered to stay home. More than 900 state residents have been infected and 19 have died. In Hawaii, two cruise ships are prevented from disembarking despite not having any cases of COVID-19 on board.
  • March 20 – the U.S has 19,285 confirmed cases of COVID-19 resulting in 249 deaths. In New York, Governor Cuomo issues a state-wide order that all non-essential workers must stay at home, noting that the number of coronavirus cases in the state has gone from zero on March 4 to over 2,900. Later, the same day, Coronavirus cases in New York exceed 7000.
  • March 21 – Vice President Mike Pence and his wife test negative for COVID-19 infection. In Minnesota, the state confirmed the first death due to the virus; the patient was from Ramsey County and was in their 80s. In North Carolina, cases in the state increased to 273. Hospitals in the state begin restricting visitors. President Trump tweeted about potential coronavirus treatments, specifically Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin.
  • March 22 – Coronavirus deaths in the United States stand at 326. In California, Governor Newsom states that testing should prioritize healthcare workers, hospitalized persons, senior citizens, persons with immune system issues, and other high-risk persons. In New York, health authorities recommend health facilities stop testing non-hospitalized patients, in part because of a shortage of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) for health care workers. The U.S. FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has shipped 70,000 doses of hydroxychloroquine, 10,000 of Zithromax, and 750,000 doses of chloroquine to the state.
  • March 23 – In Ohio, 442 people in the state have tested positive for COVID-19. 104 people have been hospitalized and six people have died due to the illness. Governor DeWine institutes a hiring freeze for all state government positions, except those involved in fighting the virus, and a freeze on contract services. The stay at home order signed on March 22 goes into effect. In Oregon, Governor Brown issues a stay at home order, “to the maximum extent possible,” except for when carrying out essential tasks like getting groceries, refueling their vehicles, or obtaining health care. WHO Director-General Tedros said, “Using untested medicines without the right evidence could raise false hope and do more harm than good.” He also described the pandemic as “accelerating.”
  • March 24 – In Minnesota: The state announces a total of 262 confirmed cases in the state. Twenty-two of those cases require hospitalization and there is 1 confirmed death. There are 15 people hospitalized and 88 patients who had required isolation no longer do. In Ohio, the state has 564 confirmed COVID-19 cases, 145 hospitalizations and 8 deaths. In South Carolina, Governor McMaster announces that K–12 schools statewide will remain closed through the month of April.
  • March 25 – Senate Republicans and Democrats strike a deal on a version of the stimulus bill which includes: providing $1,200 to most adults (phased out for persons making from $75,000 to $99,000 a year), $600 a week unemployment benefits (approximately $2,400 a month) on top of state unemployment benefits and to last potentially for four months and including freelancers and other workers in the “gig economy,” and $500 billion for businesses and municipalities. This last part is to be overseen by an inspector general in the Treasury Department and a Congressional Oversight panel.
  • March 26 – the total number of reported confirmed cases in the United States surpasses that of China with over 85,000 making it the country with the highest number of coronavirus patients in the world. President Trump announces that USNS Comfort will be heading up to New York City to assist local hospitals. The ship is scheduled to depart on March 28 and scheduled to arrive in New York City on March 30. Governor Cuomo announces the state will allow two patients to share one ventilator.
  • March 27 – A survey of more than forty leading economists by the University of Chicago published on March 27 indicated that prematurely ending lockdowns would do more economic harm than good. Specifically, none of the economists surveyed disagreed with the statement that: “Abandoning severe lockdowns at a time when the likelihood of a resurgence in infections remains high will lead to greater total economic damage than sustaining the lockdowns to eliminate the resurgence risk.” President Trump signs the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act into law
  • March 29 – Admiral Brett Giroir of the United States Public Health Service reports, at the President’s Sunday press conference, that total testing for the virus in the U.S. is 894,000. In Michigan, State Representative Isaac Robinson passes away of suspected coronavirus at the age of 44. The state’s total number of coronavirus cases increases to 5,524 with 132 deaths.
Online learning
  • March 31 – Georgia Governor Brian Kemp suspends in class instruction for all Georgia public schools for the remainder of the 2019–2020 school year. Students will continue their education through online formats. Ohio has 2,199 cases; 585 resulted in hospitalization and 55 resulted in death. Governor DeWine announces an order requiring that organizations with ventilators or similar devices report them to the state.

At the end of March, Our World in Data reported there were 3,170 deaths, 164,620 confirmed cases, and 1.07 million tests completed in the U.S.

**The majority of the timeline originated from Wikipedia at the following link:

Published by Catherine Brown

Born in Texas and raised in Alabama. Love learning about history and all the lessons that it can teach us...

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