Important Founding Principles that Directly Affect the 2020 Election

The Bill of Rights

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Amendment II

A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

Amendment XXV (1967)

Section 1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

Section 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Section 3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

Section 4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

United States Constitution

Article II

Section 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows:

Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector.

The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each state having one vote; A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by ballot the Vice President.

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What is QAnon?

In most basic terms, Q clearance is a US Department of Energy security clearance required to access top-secret information on nuclear weapons and materials. “Anon” obviously means that the poster’s identity is anonymous or unknown. More specifically, QAnon is a conspiracy theory alleging that a cabal of pedophiles is running a global child sex-trafficking ring. The theory asserts that President Donald Trump will be the one to bring down the cabal on a day of reckoning known as “the storm.” The theory began on 4chan when a poster identifying himself as “Q” claimed to be a high-level government official with Q clearance. He had access to classified information involving the Trump administration and its opponents in the United States and began accusing Hollywood celebrities, politicians, and high-ranking officials of being members of the cabal.

Members use the code WWG1WGA signifying the motto “Where We Go One, We Go All.”

It is unclear how many actual members QAnon has but it has a large online following. In June 2020, Q exhorted followers to take a “digital soldiers oath,” and many did, using the Twitter hashtag #TakeTheOath. In July 2020, Twitter banned thousands of QAnon-affiliated accounts and changed its algorithms to reduce the theory’s spread. A Facebook internal analysis reported in August found millions of followers across thousands of groups and pages. Facebook acted later that month to remove and restrict QAnon activity, and in October it said it would ban the conspiracy theory from its platform altogether.

There have been many claims made by Q and other posters that have failed to come to pass. These are usually explained away by the power of the cabal itself. Other explanations is that disinformation is necessary to mislead the pedophiles before their arrest.

The identity of Q is a huge source of speculation as well. Many believe he is a high-ranking military intelligence officer, a Trump administration insider, or even Trump himself. President Trump has publicly denied knowing anything about QAnon as recently as a town hall meeting on October 15, 2020.

There is plenty of information online explaining all the rabbit holes of QAnon despite the fact that Twitter, Facebook and other social media platforms have attempted to suppress the theory.

Timely Definitions

Just a few quick definitions to help you make sense of current news stories…

Collusion – secret agreement or cooperation especially for an illegal or deceitful purpose

Quid Pro Quo – something given or received for something else

Bias – an inclination of temperament or outlook

Journalism – writing characterized by a direct presentation of facts or description of events without an attempt at interpretation

Freedom of Speech – the legal right to express one’s opinions freely

Section 230 – No provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider.

Christopher Columbus

Legends and Facts

Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and navigator. In 1492, he sailed across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Niña ships alongside, hoping to find a new route to India.  Between 1492 and 1504, he made a total of four voyages to the Caribbean and South America and has been credited – and blamed – for opening up the Americas to European colonization.

Columbus is often dismissed, usually by people who have come to hate “Western civilization” and, frankly, traditional Christianity. They want to blame him for everything wrong on these shores since 1492. Following that logic, though, he deserves some credit and gratitude for the many good things that followed his discoveries.

Legend #1: Columbus did not discover the New World.

Many also claim that Columbus did not “discover” the New World. Those living here already knew where they were, the argument goes, and didn’t need to be discovered. This is a half-truth. Indigenous peoples, of course, knew their own lands. They did not know that they were part of a larger world.

One reason we especially honor Columbus is that he began the process toward the one interconnected world that we now inhabit. Vasco da Gama sailed around Africa and reached “the Indies” five years after Columbus arrived in the New World. But great as that feat was, he only found a new route to longknown lands. Columbus, by skill, imagination and sheer grit gave us the world.

Fact #1: Three countries refused to finance the voyage.

For nearly a decade, Columbus lobbied European monarchies to bankroll his quest to discover a western sea route to Asia. In Portugal, England and France, the response was the same: no. The experts told Columbus his calculations were wrong and that the voyage would take much longer than he thought. Royal advisors in Spain raised similar concerns to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. Turns out the naysayers were right. Columbus dramatically underestimated the earth’s circumference and the size of the oceans. Luckily for him, he ran into the uncharted Americas.

Legend #2: Columbus was the first explorer to cross the Atlantic.

That distinction is generally given to the Norse Viking Leif Eriksson, who is believed to have landed in present-day Newfoundland around 1000 A.D., almost five centuries before Columbus set sail. Some historians even claim that Ireland’s Saint Brendan or other Celtic people crossed the Atlantic before Eriksson.

Fact #2: The Santa Maria wrecked on Columbus’ historic voyage

On Christmas Eve of 1492, a cabin boy ran Columbus’s flagship into a coral reef on the northern coast of Hispaniola, near present-day Cap Haitien, Haiti. Its crew spent a very un-merry Christmas salvaging the Santa Maria’s cargo. Columbus returned to Spain aboard the Nina, but he had to leave nearly 40 crewmembers behind to start the first European settlement in the Americas—La Navidad. When Columbus returned to the settlement in the fall of 1493, none of the crew were found alive.

Computer generated 3D illustration with the ships Santa Maria, Nina and Pinta of Christopher Columbus
Legend #3: Nina and Pinta were not the actual names of two of Columbus’ three ships.

In 15th-century Spain, ships were traditionally named after saints. Salty sailors, however, bestowed less-than-sacred nicknames upon their vessels. Mariners dubbed one of the three ships on Columbus’s 1492 voyage the Pinta, Spanish for “the painted one” or “prostitute.” The Santa Clara, meanwhile, was nicknamed the Nina in honor of its owner, Juan Nino. Although the Santa Maria is called by its official name, its nickname was La Gallega, after the province of Galicia in which it was built.

Fact #3:  Columbus made four voyages to the New World.

Although best known for his historic 1492 expedition, Columbus returned to the Americas three more times in the following decade. His voyages took him to Caribbean islands, South America and Central America.

Legend #4: Columbus was motivated by “God, gold, and glory.”

People often claim that Columbus was motivated by “God, gold and glory,” but assume God was just a cover for worldly interests. In fact, his religious devotion was sincere. Among other things, we know from his writings that he felt that he had been given a role in spreading the Gospel to all nations, which had to happen before Christ could return. In later years, he often dressed as a Third Order Franciscan.

Fact #4: Columbus returned to Spain in chains in 1500

Columbus’s governance of Hispaniola could be brutal and tyrannical. Native islanders who didn’t collect enough gold could have their hands cut off, and rebel Spanish colonists were executed at the gallows. Colonists complained to the monarchy about mismanagement, and a royal commissioner dispatched to Hispaniola arrested Columbus in August 1500 and brought him back to Spain in chains. Although Columbus was stripped of his governorship, King Ferdinand not only granted the explorer his freedom but subsidized a fourth voyage.

Legend #5: Columbus set out to prove that the earth was round.

There was no need for Columbus to debunk the flat-earthers—the ancient Greeks had already done so. As early as the sixth century B.C., the Greek mathematician Pythagoras surmised the world was round, and two centuries later Aristotle backed him up with astronomical observations. By 1492 most educated people knew the planet was not shaped like a pancake.

Fact #5: A lunar eclipse may have saved Christopher’s life

In February 1504, a desperate Columbus was stranded in Jamaica, abandoned by half his crew and denied food by the islanders. The heavens that he relied on for navigation, however, would guide him safely once again. Knowing from his almanac that a lunar eclipse was coming on February 29, 1504, Columbus warned the islanders that his god was upset with their refusal of food and that the moon would “rise inflamed with wrath” as an expression of divine displeasure. On the appointed night, the eclipse darkened the moon and turned it red, and the terrified islanders offered provisions and beseeched Columbus to ask his god for mercy.

Legend #6: Columbus brought slavery and genocide to the New World.

Columbus was not interested in the slave trade; his goal was to set up a trading post or, later, an agricultural colony on the island of Hispaniola, today’s Dominican Republic and Haiti. He did, however, take slaves as prisoners of war, or where he found violations of natural law, such as human sacrifice or cannibalism — the only reasons Spain permitted. Slavery was never the admiral’s intention, except as a way to maintain order in unprecedented circumstances. There was no “genocide” during these early voyages, though many natives died from unfamiliar diseases and clashes between two very different cultures. The Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world for millennia, which is why people here, though they had had their own plagues, were especially vulnerable to diseases from outside. Nonetheless, the Spaniards never intended to commit “genocide.” In even a cynical reading, a ready supply of native workers served Spanish interests.

Fact #6: Heirs of Columbus and the Spanish monarchy were in litigation until 1790:

After the death of Columbus, his heirs waged a lengthy legal battle with the Spanish crown, claiming that the monarchy short-changed them on money and profits due the explorer. Most of the Columbian lawsuits were settled by 1536, but the legal proceedings nearly dragged on until the 300th anniversary of Columbus’ famous voyage.

Bonus weird fact that might be a legend: Columbus might be buried in both the New World and the Old World…

Following his death in 1506, Columbus was buried in Valladolid, Spain, and then moved to Seville. At the request of his daughter-in-law, the bodies of Columbus and his son Diego were shipped across the Atlantic to Hispaniola and interred in a Santo Domingo cathedral. When the French captured the island in 1795, the Spanish dug up remains thought to be those of the explorer and moved them to Cuba before returning them to Seville after the Spanish-American War in 1898. However, a box with human remains and the explorer’s name was discovered inside the Santo Domingo cathedral in 1877. Did the Spaniards exhume the wrong body? DNA testing in 2006 found evidence that at least some of the remains in Seville are those of Columbus. The Dominican Republic has refused to let the other remains be tested. It could be possible that, aptly, pieces of Columbus are both in the New World and the Old World.

This information and more can be found at and on the Knights of Columbus website.

Covid-19 Pandemic Timeline: Part 5

July – Present

  • July 2 – The United Kingdom reported 89 new deaths, taking the country’s official total to 43,995, although estimates place the true number closer to 55,000. The United States has reported 50,700 new cases, the highest daily number of new infections recorded so far. The total is over 2.73 million.
  • July 6 – The Australian state of Victoria has reported 127 cases, the biggest overnight spike in Australia since the pandemic began. Australia also recorded two deaths, bringing the death toll to 106.
  • July 7 – France reported 13 new deaths, taking the total to 29,933. This figure accounts for a downward revision of the number of nursing home fatalities; the number who died in the country’s hospitals increased by 34 to 19,457. The number of fatalities in nursing homes was confirmed to be 10,476, a decrease from the figure of 10,497 reported a week earlier.
  • July 9 – Bolivian President Jeanine Áñez tested positive.
  • July 14 – The House Appropriations Committee approved a measure requiring masks on public transportation.
  • July 17 – The U.S. recorded what was at the time the highest single-day rise in cases anywhere in the world, with 77,638 infections. Brazil tops 2 million cases.
  • The Australian state of Victoria has reported 300 new cases and six new deaths in the past 24 hours. In addition, 447 cases were linked to aged care facilities in that state. The United States surpasses 4 million cases.
  • July 28 – The CDC calls for reopening American schools, in a statement written by a White House working group that includes Redfield but has minimal representation from other CDC officials.
  • August 1 – Mexico has reported a total of 46,688 deaths and 424,637 infections, giving the country the third highest death rate from COVID-19.
  • August 6 – The Australian state of Victoria has reported 471 new cases and eight new deaths, bringing the death toll to 170. In addition, 107 “mystery cases” had emerged while 1,533 active cases were linked to aged care facilities.
  • August 8 – the U.S. passed 5 million COVID-19 cases.
  • August 10 – The United States Of America surpasses 5 million Covid-19 cases. Brazil tops 3 million Covid-19 cases.
  • August 11 – The number of global coronavirus cases has exceeded 20 million, over 12 million have recovered, and 735,000 have died.
  • August 19 – Malaysia has reported 16 new cases, bringing the total number of 9,235. 23 have recovered, bringing the total number of recovered to 8,925. There are 185 active cases and the death toll remains 125.
  • August 23 – India tops 3 million Covid-19 cases.
  • August 30 – A total of 25 million cases, over 16 million recoveries, and 850,000 deaths have been reported globally.
  • August 31 – the U.S. passed 6 million COVID-19 cases.
  • September 1 – Russia surpasses 1 million Covid-19 cases.
  • September 2 – The United States surpasses 6 million Covid-19 cases.
  • September 5 – India and Brazil both top 4 million Covid-19 cases.
  • September 8 – the United States reported less than 25,000 daily cases for the first time since June.
  • September 10 – according to Johns Hopkins University, global deaths exceed 900,000.
  • September 16 – India tops 5 million Covid-19 cases.
  • September 19 – According to Johns Hopkins University, over 30 million people were infected with the coronavirus, over 20 million have recovered, and over 943,000 died
  • September 22 – the United States surpassed 200,000 deaths from COVID-19. The Center for Disease Control released guidelines for Halloween.
  • September 25 – the U.S. passed 7 million COVID-19 cases.
  • September 28 – worldwide deaths reached 1 million. The US, Brazil and India make up almost half of that total.
  • October 2 – President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump tested positive for COVID-19, among other officials during the White House COVID-19 outbreak.
  • October 6 – The vice commandant of the Coast Guard Charles W. Ray tested positive for COVID-19. Other military leaders were quarantined as a result.

Timeline information taken from this website and here.

Covid-19 Pandemic Timeline: Part 4

May – June

  • May 1 – the FDA issues emergency approval for the hepatitis and Ebola treatment, Remdesivir to be used as COVID-19 treatment. The medicine has been shown to help the conditions of seriously ill patients. In another development, The World Health Organization says the coronavirus pandemic remains a global health emergency. According to Johns Hopkins University, there have been over 3.26 million cases, some 233,000 deaths, and more than one million recoveries worldwide.
  • May 2 – The Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) has confirmed that Africa has recorded nearly 40,000 cases, nearly 1,700 deaths, and more than 13,000 recoveries. The coronavirus has occurred in 53 African countries. Russia has reported 9,623 cases, bringing the total to 124,054. Russia has reported 57 deaths, bringing the death toll to 1,222. The Mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyanin has also announced that 2 percent of Moscow’s population (roughly 250,000 people) had tested positive for the coronavirus. The United Kingdom has reported 621 deaths, bringing the total death toll to 28,131. England has reported 370 deaths (25 of whom had no underlying health conditions) in hospitals, bringing the death toll to 20,853. The United States has reported a total 65,645 deaths based on figures from Johns Hopkins University. The US also reported 34,000 cases, bringing the total number to more than 1.1 million. More than 164,000 people have recovered from the coronavirus and 6.5 million tests have been conducted.
  • May 3 – In Ohio, there are 19,914 total cases with 1,038 deaths. In Michigan, the total number of cases of coronavirus in the state increases to 43,754 with a death toll of 4,049. This represents the smallest increase in deaths (29) since April 26. Turkey has reported 61 deaths, bringing the death toll to 3,397. Turkey has reported 1,670 new cases, bringing the total to 120,045. A total of 63,151 have recovered. In the United States, Virginia has reported its first death due to the virus, bringing the total deaths in the United States to 65,646. Vietnam has reported its first new case in nine days, bringing the total to 271. More than 30,500 people have been quarantined and 261,000 have been tested.
  • May 4 – More than $8 billion is pledged to help develop a coronavirus vaccine and fund research and diagnosis. More than 30 countries, as well as the UN and philanthropic organizations contribute at the EU-hosted online summit. Israel has reported 38 new cases, bringing the total number to 16,246. Three people have died, bringing the death toll to 233. A total of 10,064 people have recovered and 6,436 people have been tested.
  • May 5 – Brazil has reported 6,935 new cases, bringing the total to 114,715. Health authorities have also reported 600 new deaths, bringing the total to 7,921. China has reported one new case and 15 asymptomatic cases. Madagascar has reported a total of 149 cases and no deaths.
  • May 6 – The International Council of Nurses has reported that 90,000 nurses have been affected, with 260 killed.
  • May 7 – the number of international tourists could fall by almost 80% in 2020, the UN agency, the World Tourism Organization, forecasts, putting millions of jobs at risk. In the United States, President Trump and Vice President Mike Pence test negative for coronavirus, and US unemployment claims reach more than 33 million in seven consecutive weeks. The number of COVID-19 cases in Russia overtakes France and Germany. Latvia has reported a total of 909 cases and 18 deaths.
  • May 9 – Canada has reported 157 new deaths, bringing the death toll to 4,628. Canada has reported 1,381 cases, bringing the total to 66,780. Qatar has reported 1,130 cases, bringing the total to 21,331. Qatar has reported one death, bringing the death toll to 13. The United States has reported a total of 1,342,329 cases, 79,906 deaths, and 232,821 recoveries. In New York, Governor Andrew Cuomo has announced that three more children have died of an infectious disease linked to COVID-19.
  • May 10 – British PM Johnson announces a partial easing of the lockdown in England, allowing people to spend more time outdoors within days and outlining plans to send children back to school in June – if the reproduction rate of the virus remains below 1. The United Kingdom has reported 269 deaths, bringing the national death toll to 31,855. In the United States, at least 25,600 residents and workers have died at nursing homes and other long-term care facilities for the elderly. The coronavirus has affected 143,000 people at about 7,500 facilities. A total of about 4 million cases, almost 1.4 million recoveries, and over 279,000 deaths have been reported globally.
  • May 11 – the COVID-19 lockdown in Russia is to be gradually eased, announces Russia’s President, Vladamir Putin. Numbers of new cases are still rising in the country. On the same day, the WHO cautions that “extreme vigilance” is needed in exiting lockdowns in order to avoid a second wave of infections. Ukraine has reported 416 new cases and 17 new deaths, bringing the total numbers to 15,648 and 408 respectively; a total of 3,288 patients have recovered.
  • May 12 – Following an increase in infections after restrictions are eased, people in Lebanon are told to stay at home for four days as part of a “total” lockdown. China announces plans to test all 11 million residents of Wuhan for the coronavirus after a handful of new cases emerge.
  • May 13 – the UK economy contracted by 5.8% in March and is braced for a major recession, the Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak warns. In Germany, plans were announced to relax border controls.
  • May 15 – the official global coronavirus death toll passes 300,000, according to data from Johns Hopkins University. There are now more than 4.4 million confirmed cases worldwide.
  • May 21 – UN Secretary General António Guterres launches a new UN initiative dubbed Verified to fight COVID-19 misinformation.
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres
  • May 26 – The George Floyd protests begin in Minneapolis. Largely via social media they later spread throughout the country and around the world. Health experts and public officials have expressed concerns that these mass gatherings may cause an exacerbated spread of the virus since May 31st or earlier.
  • May 27 – The United States has reported 100,000 deaths as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic with 29,000 recorded in New York state.

As of May 31, Our World in Data reported that for the U.S. there were 103,781 total deaths, 1.77 million confirmed cases, and about 14 million tests conducted.

  • June 1 – Malaysia has reported 38 new cases, bringing the total to 7,857. There are 1,338 active cases, with eight in intensive care and two on ventilator support. 51 patients have been discharged, bringing the number of recovered to 6,404. The death toll remains at 115.
  • June 2 – New Zealand has reported no new cases, recoveries, and deaths; which remain at 1,504 (1,154 confirmed and 350 probable), 1,481, and 22 respectively. There remains one active case. Director-General of Health Ashley Bloomfield confirmed that 654 tests were completed on Monday, bringing the total number of tests to 282,263.
  • June 3 – Singapore has reported 569 new cases, bringing the total to 36,405.
  • June 4 – Ukraine has reported record 588 new cases as well as 12 new deaths, bringing the total numbers to 25,411 and 747 respectively; a total of 11,042 patients have recovered.
  • June 5 – The Pentagon reports biggest increase in the Department of Defense since mid- April on COVID-19 cases bringing the number up to 10,462. The DoD includes military members, their dependents, contractors, and civilians. The United States Navy remains as the most affected Branch as of June 5.
  • June 11 – Brazil has reported a total of 772,416 cases and at least 40,726 deaths. The United States has reported a total of 2,000,464 cases and 112,908 deaths.
  • June 14 – China has reported 57 new cases including 36 in Beijing.
  • June 16 – China has reported 40 new cases, including 27 in Beijing. The capital has reported a total of 106 cases.
  • June 17 – Singapore has reported 247 new cases, bringing the total to 41,216. Canada tops 100.000 cases
  • June 18 – Ukraine sets a new record for daily cases at 829 and reports 23 new deaths. The totals are now 34,063 cases and 966 lethal outcomes. Additionally, 15,447 patients have recovered overall.
  • June 19 – Brazil reaches 1 million cases worldwide.
  • June 20 – Malaysia has reported 21 new cases, bringing the total to 8,556. There are 289 active cases with three cases in intensive care. 76 have recovered, bringing the total number of recoveries to 8,146. The death toll remains at 121.
  • June 21 – The US state of Florida has reported 3,494 new cases, bringing the total in the state to 97. The state’s death toll has reached 3,161.
  • June 23 – Tennis player Novak Djokovic and his wife tested positive.
  • June 24 – Sacramento Kings players Buddy HieldAlex Len, and Jabari Parker tested positive for the virus.
  • June 25 – Israel has reported 668 new cases, bringing the total number of cases to 6,000 with 47 in serious condition and 29 on ventilators. A total of 186 have been hospitalized and 16,007 have recovered. Miami Heat player Derrick Jones Jr. tests positive for the virus.
Miami Heat – Derrick Jones, Jr.
  • June 26 – Indonesia has reported 1,240 new cases and 63 new deaths. The totals are now 51,427 cases and 2,683 deaths. Mexico has reported 5,441 new cases and 719 new deaths, bringing the totals to 208,392 cases and 25,779 deaths.
  • June 27 – Canada reported 274 new cases, bringing a total of 103,032 cases. The U.S. set a record number of cases with 44,732 cases.
  • June 28 – Data from Johns Hopkins University shows that the global numbers of cases and deaths have passed 10 million and 500,000 respectively. Kuwait recorded 551 new coronavirus cases, bringing the country’s total to 44,942. 908 people recovered, bringing the total number of recoveries to 35,494. A further 4 deaths were reported. The United Kingdom recorded 901 new cases and 36 deaths, bringing the totals to 311,151 and 43,550 respectively. There were no new fatalities in Scotland for the third consecutive day. The United States of America recorded 44,458 cases and 650 new deaths, bringing the country’s totals to 2,452,048 and 124,811 respectively.
  • June 30 – Worldwide cases are growing at the rate of about 1 to 2 per cent per day. Between 100,000 and 200,000 new cases are being detected every day. This number is higher than the number of recoveries every day, in the range of 80,000 to 130,000.

As of June 30, Our World in Data reported that for the U.S. there were 126,140 total deaths, 2.59 million confirmed cases, and about 30 million tests completed.

Timeline information taken from this website and also here.

Covid-19 Pandemic Part 3

Part 3: April
  • April 2 – the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases around the world hits 1 million and more than 51,000 are confirmed dead from the disease. In the US, figures show nearly 10 million Americans have applied for unemployment benefit as a result of job losses caused by the disease.
  • April 4 – In Alabama, Governor Kay Ivey announces a stay-at-home order through April 30. Attorney General Steve Marshall said the order can be enforced criminally, but he said he hopes it will not come to that. Disobeying the order is a Class C misdemeanor that can carry a $500 penalty.
  • April 6 – Britain’s Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, who has been receiving hospital treatment for COVID-19 is moved into intensive care. He went public with his diagnosis 10 days earlier. He is released from the hospital on April 12.
  • April 7 – In South Carolina, Governor McMaster issues a “home or work” order. The death toll surpasses 50. President Trump alleges that the WHO mishandled the pandemic and questions why the WHO had recommended “keeping our borders open to China early on,” advice he rejected.
  • April 8 – In Minnesota, Governor Walz extends the stay at home order until May 4.
  • April 10 – a milestone in the global death toll – it passes 101,000. The 8:00 pm Howl is now sweeping the nation, reports Associated Press. It was started in a Denver neighborhood on March 27.
  • April 13 – some countries in Europe begin to scale back their lockdowns. Austria plans to let DIY stores reopen, Italy also plans to reopen some shops and Spain gets ready to allow some construction and factory employees back to work.
  • April 14 – President Trump suspends WHO funding pending the administration’s investigation into the way the organization has handled the coronavirus pandemic. He accuses the WHO of “severely mismanaging and covering up the spread of the coronavirus”. Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus responds that he regrets the decision, and the WHO is “focused on stopping this virus and saving lives.”
  • April 15 – the Governor of New York, Andrew Cuomo, announces that the virus-hit city will begin daily antibody testing for 2,000 essential workers, hoping to expand to 100,000 tests a day in an effort to lay foundations to get people back to work. And German Chancellor Angela Merkel lays out plans to slowly ease some restrictions in the country.
  • April 16 – The Trump administration unveils new federal guidelines outlining a three-phased approach to gradually restoring normal commerce and services, with each phase lasting at least 14 days, but only for places with strong testing and seeing a decrease in COVID-19 cases. As of April 16, there were 639,664 confirmed coronavirus cases in the U.S., with 30,985 confirmed deaths, a 4.8% mortality rate. An estimated 3.24 million tests had been conducted, indicating about 20% of those tested had coronavirus.
Temporary Hospital set up in Central Park, New York City
  • April 17 – the largest trial yet of drug treatments for COVID-19 begins in the UK. The Recovery Trial will work with 5,000 patients in the National Health Service. Similar, smaller trials are due to start soon elsewhere in Europe.
  • April 18 – One World: Together At Home – a star-studded virtual concert curated by Lady Gaga celebrating healthcare workers on the frontline – is broadcast on TV networks and streamed online on Saturday, 18 April. The event raises millions of dollars to support those fighting COVID-19.
  • April 20 – new rules relaxing restrictions on farming, banking and public works come into force in India, expected to ease economic impacts of the coronavirus lockdown. Many businesses continue to be restricted. In Europe, Spain and Norway also take limited steps to ease some restrictions.
  • April 21 – In Georgia, Governor Kemp announced that many businesses could reopen on April 24, including “gyms, hair salons, bowling alleys and tattoo parlors”, with restaurants and movie theaters allowed to reopen on April 27. This move has brought widespread condemnation from inside and outside Georgia, with Atlanta Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms saying she will “continue to ask Atlantans to please stay at home.”
  • April 23 – Europe’s first human trial of a coronavirus vaccine begins in the UK, led by an Oxford University team. More than 6,000 are expected to take part in the study, which follows a successful trial of a vaccine at Oxford’s Jenner Institute last year for a different coronavirus. The team hopes to demonstrate by the end of May that the vaccine works.
  • April 24 – The World Health Organization says there is “currently no evidence that people who have recovered from COVID-19 and have antibodies are protected from a second infection.”
  • April 26 – At this point, COVID-19 has killed more than 200,000 worldwide and has infected more than 2.8 million people, according to researchers at Johns Hopkins University. Around this time publications including the Financial Times and the New York Times report about ‘excess deaths’ – fatalities that are greater than usual for the time of year but are not fully accounted for by COVID-19 deaths.
  • April 27 – WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus warns that COVID-19 is threatening vaccination programmes: “The tragic reality is that children will die as a result.” 14 campaigns against diseases including polio and measles have been suspended, which would have immunized more than 13 million people.
Socially distanced food bank in San Antonio, Texas

As of April 30, Our World in Data reported that for the U.S. there were 60,966 total deaths, 1.04 million confirmed cases, and 6.25 million tests completed. The U.S. averaged about 145,200 tests per day between April 1 and April 15 and 199,000 per day from April 16 to April 30.

Most of the timeline above was taken from this link but has been edited for space and relevance.

Coup porn

Coup porn is a term coined by Byron York of the Washington Examiner. It refers to a series of events and statements made about the possibility of President Trump losing the election but refusing to leave the White House in January. It includes such things as generals all but telling their commander in chief that they will not follow orders if the Insurrection Act is implemented. Then, there’s 2016’s loser Hillary Clinton telling Joe Biden not to concede “under any circumstances.” And of course, Joe Biden, himself saying not once, not twice, but three times that the military will “escort (Trump) from the White House with great dispatch.”

Even more disturbing…according to Michael Anton in an essay written to the Calais Advertiser told of a meeting that took place over the summer attended by prominent Democrats, never-Trump Republicans and other members of the ruling class. This get together was funded by George Soros and was an attempt to “game-out” various outcomes of the 2020 election. There was no outcome that was good for those of us who love the democratic process of voting and transfer of power. Read the entire article here.

Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli was an Italian Renaissance diplomat, philosopher and writer, best known for The Prince, written in 1513. He has often been called the father of modern political philosophy and political science.

Machiavelli taught that the first rule of conspiracy is that you don’t talk about the conspiracy. The Democrats are talking about it because they know that for the conspiracy to be successful, it can’t look like a conspiracy. They are basically talking about it in order to make it seem more acceptable to the American people. For those who are excited about this “coup porn,” even if the election swings in Trump’s favor, they hope to harvest enough ballots after the election to make the outcome at least questionable. In their perfect scenario, it is questionable enough that Trump will refuse to concede and will be forceably removed from the White House.

Read Byron York’s article here.

Covid-19 Pandemic: Part 2

  • March 2 – coronavirus cases in the U.S. reach 100, including 48 from repatriated citizens from Wuhan or the Diamond Princess. New Hampshire officials announce the state’s first case, an employee with Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center who had been to Italy
  • March 3 – Ohio Governor Mike DeWine cancels the Arnold Classic due to coronavirus concerns even though the state had no confirmed cases, a move which the Washington Post said seemed radical at the time. Arizona’s Department of Health Services reports a new confirmed case in Maricopa County, a man in his 20s who had contact with a case outside of Arizona. The man was isolated in his home. In New Hampshire, public health officials confirm a second case of coronavirus in an individual who made contact with the first case after the first case defied quarantine orders and attended a private event organized by Dartmouth College‘s Tuck School of Business in White River Junction, Vermont. New York officials announce the state’s second confirmed case: a man in his 50’s in New RochelleWestchester County who had not recently traveled to any foreign countries affected by the outbreak. In North Carolina, Governor Roy Cooper announces the state’s first confirmed case: a person who had traveled to Washington and was “exposed at a long term care facility.”
  • March 4 – The U.S. Department of Homeland Security confirms that a “contract medical screener” for the CDC working at the Los Angeles International Airport tested positive for coronavirus. The individual was put in self-isolation at home. In California, Governor Gavin Newsom declares a state of emergency. In New York, officials confirm four new cases of coronavirus: the wife, son, and daughter of the second case, as well as the man’s neighbor who drove him to the hospital. The new cases prompt the partial closure of the main campus of Yeshiva University, where the man’s son is a student, as well as the high school in the Bronx borough of New York City where the daughter is a student. On the same day, another five confirmed cases are reported in a friend of the second case, as well as that friend’s wife, two sons, and daughter. HHS announced the intent to purchase approximately 500 million N95 respirators over the following 18 months to respond to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus
  • March 5 – Nevada, Colorado, Tennessee, and Maryland announce their first cases, New Jersey announces a second presumptive case, while Washington announces 31 new cases
  • March 6 – Ten states report their first case of coronavirus: Hawaii, Utah, Nebraska, Kentucky, Indiana, Minnesota, Connecticut, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Oklahoma. Many cases are associated with passengers from the Grand Princess cruise ship, which is being held off the California coast near San Francisco. Testing on the ship reveals 21 positives. The day also sees 6 deaths reported. Four are reported from Washington, by the hospital that treated patients from the LifeCare long-term care facility. Two are reported from Florida and represent the third state (after Washington and California) with reported deaths. This brings the total deaths to 18: 15 in Washington, 1 in California, and 2 in Florida
  • March 7 – Virginia, Kansas, Missouri, and Washington, D.C. announces its first cases. A new death is reported for March 7 in Washington. This brings the total confirmed U.S. deaths due to coronavirus to 19, 16 in Washington, 1 in California, and 2 in Florida. In Pennsylvania, Governor Tom Wolf announces two new positive cases in Montgomery County; both cases are related to travel within the United States
  • March 8 – Iowa and Vermont report their first cases of infection with the coronavirus. Three new deaths were reported in WA. This brought the total confirmed U.S. deaths due to coronavirus to 22: 19 in Washington, 1 in California, and 2 in Florida
  • March 9 – Ohio Governor Mike DeWine declares a state of emergency after Ohio reports its first cases of COVID-19. As of March 9, Alabama, Alaska, Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, and West Virginia have no cases, while Montana, Delaware, Wyoming and Arkansas have suspected cases. Washington reports 3 new deaths and California 1, bringing the number of U.S. coronavirus deaths to 26
  • March 10 – South Dakota and Michigan report their first cases. Mitigation measures are expanded in New York, Massachusetts, and Washington with a transition to online classes for universities and colleges. The first semi-containment zone is announced in New York. Two new deaths are reported in Washington and one death each in California, New Jersey, and South Dakota. This brings the total number of U.S. deaths to 31
  • March 11 – Confirmed coronavirus cases in the United States surpass 1,100. Arkansas, Delaware, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Dakota and Wyoming reported their first cases. More universities and colleges suspend classes or move to remote-access teaching. Washington Governor Jay Inslee orders a halt to all gatherings of greater than 250 in three counties, while Ohio Governor Mike DeWine orders all public gatherings of more than 1,000 people to be banned statewide. Five new deaths are reported in Washington and one death in California. This brings the total U.S. deaths to 37. President Trump said in an Oval Office address: “For the vast majority of Americans, the risk is very, very low.” WHO Director-General Tedros said the WHO “made the assessment that COVID-19 can be characterized as a pandemic.”
  • March 12 – Total U.S. cases passed 1,500. More universities and colleges transitioned to online attendance across the country. Public school closures are announced in Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Mexico, Ohio, Utah, Virginia and Washington state. Georgia and Kansas report their first deaths and Washington state reports 2 additional deaths. This brings the total U.S. deaths to 41. Most major sports leagues, including MLS, the NHL, and the National Lacrosse League, announce the suspension of their seasons that are already in progress. The XFL terminates its inaugural season, while Major League Baseball announces the cancellation of all remaining spring training games and delays the start of their 2020 season. In addition, the NCAA cancels all postseason tournaments in their winter and spring sports, which includes the men’s and women’s basketball tournaments, as well as the baseball and softball tournaments. The cancellation of the basketball tournament marks the first time the tournament will not be held due to unforeseen circumstances
  • March 13 – Total U.S. cases passed 2,100. Colorado reported its first death. Florida and California both reported an additional death and Washington state reported 6 additional deaths. This brought the total number of deaths in the U.S. to 50. President Trump took a COVID-19 test after coming into contact with several people who had contracted the disease and found to be negative. The House passed an aid package for workers and individuals that was supported by President Trump. He also issues the Proclamation on Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak, declaring a national state of emergency. Reuters reported that Germany and Italy ordered 10,000 and 5,000 ventilators, respectively. The U.S. follows with a 10,000 ventilator order in late March, with many not expected to arrive until the summer or fall, too late for the expected peak impact.
Medical ventilator machine
  • March 14 – North Carolina schools ordered to close for two weeks. Governor Roy Cooper also issued an executive order to prevent mass gathering.  Ohio Governor DeWine and Department of Health Director Amy Acton on March 14 recommended Ohioans postpone elective surgeries. Oklahoma: Governor Kevin Stitt took a selfie with his family in a crowded restaurant. Stitt tweeted, “It’s packed tonight!” and was criticized on social media for ignoring social distancing. Stitt deleted the tweet in response to the backlash. Virginia Governor Ralph Northam announced Virginia’s first death from the coronavirus.
  • March 15 – the CDC issued guidance recommending against any gathering of 50 or more people for an eight-week period.
  • March 16 – President Trump issued new guidelines urging people to avoid social gatherings of more than ten people and to restrict discretionary travel. He stopped short of ordering a quarantine or a curfew, but he said restrictions may last until July or August. He acknowledged that the country may be headed for a recession. Despite the fact that the Federal Reserve Bank lowered interest rates the day prior, the stock market fell once again.
  • March 17 – 5,145 people in the United States have been infected; at least 91 have died. The Peace Corps fires all 7,300 volunteers in 61 countries. According to vessel manifests maintained by U.S. Customs and Border Protection, a steady flow of the medical equipment needed to treat the coronavirus was still being shipped abroad. FEMA said the agency “has not actively encouraged or discouraged U.S. companies from exporting overseas”, and has asked USAID to send back its reserves of protective gear stored in warehouses for use in the U.S.
  • March 18 – California Governor Gavin Newsom issues the country’s first statewide stay-at-home order.  In Florida, U.S. congressman Mario Díaz-Balart is one of the first members of Congress to test positive for coronavirus. Thousands of spring-breakers flock to Florida beaches despite warnings about keeping socially distanced. The coronavirus has infected 328 Florida residents and visitors. In Louisiana, Reverend Tony Spell of Life Tabernacle Church in East Baton Rouge Parish hosts hundreds at a church service in open defiance of Governor John Bel Edwards’ ban against gatherings of more than 50 people.
  • March 19 – Three thousand doctors and medical workers sign a letter asking ICE to release individuals and families detained for immigration violations, noting that overcrowded conditions are ripe for the propagation of a virus.  In California, the state orders the closure of all museums, malls and other non-essential workplaces effective March 20. All 40 million citizens in the state are ordered to stay home. More than 900 state residents have been infected and 19 have died. In Hawaii, two cruise ships are prevented from disembarking despite not having any cases of COVID-19 on board.
  • March 20 – the U.S has 19,285 confirmed cases of COVID-19 resulting in 249 deaths. In New York, Governor Cuomo issues a state-wide order that all non-essential workers must stay at home, noting that the number of coronavirus cases in the state has gone from zero on March 4 to over 2,900. Later, the same day, Coronavirus cases in New York exceed 7000.
  • March 21 – Vice President Mike Pence and his wife test negative for COVID-19 infection. In Minnesota, the state confirmed the first death due to the virus; the patient was from Ramsey County and was in their 80s. In North Carolina, cases in the state increased to 273. Hospitals in the state begin restricting visitors. President Trump tweeted about potential coronavirus treatments, specifically Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin.
  • March 22 – Coronavirus deaths in the United States stand at 326. In California, Governor Newsom states that testing should prioritize healthcare workers, hospitalized persons, senior citizens, persons with immune system issues, and other high-risk persons. In New York, health authorities recommend health facilities stop testing non-hospitalized patients, in part because of a shortage of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) for health care workers. The U.S. FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has shipped 70,000 doses of hydroxychloroquine, 10,000 of Zithromax, and 750,000 doses of chloroquine to the state.
  • March 23 – In Ohio, 442 people in the state have tested positive for COVID-19. 104 people have been hospitalized and six people have died due to the illness. Governor DeWine institutes a hiring freeze for all state government positions, except those involved in fighting the virus, and a freeze on contract services. The stay at home order signed on March 22 goes into effect. In Oregon, Governor Brown issues a stay at home order, “to the maximum extent possible,” except for when carrying out essential tasks like getting groceries, refueling their vehicles, or obtaining health care. WHO Director-General Tedros said, “Using untested medicines without the right evidence could raise false hope and do more harm than good.” He also described the pandemic as “accelerating.”
  • March 24 – In Minnesota: The state announces a total of 262 confirmed cases in the state. Twenty-two of those cases require hospitalization and there is 1 confirmed death. There are 15 people hospitalized and 88 patients who had required isolation no longer do. In Ohio, the state has 564 confirmed COVID-19 cases, 145 hospitalizations and 8 deaths. In South Carolina, Governor McMaster announces that K–12 schools statewide will remain closed through the month of April.
  • March 25 – Senate Republicans and Democrats strike a deal on a version of the stimulus bill which includes: providing $1,200 to most adults (phased out for persons making from $75,000 to $99,000 a year), $600 a week unemployment benefits (approximately $2,400 a month) on top of state unemployment benefits and to last potentially for four months and including freelancers and other workers in the “gig economy,” and $500 billion for businesses and municipalities. This last part is to be overseen by an inspector general in the Treasury Department and a Congressional Oversight panel.
  • March 26 – the total number of reported confirmed cases in the United States surpasses that of China with over 85,000 making it the country with the highest number of coronavirus patients in the world. President Trump announces that USNS Comfort will be heading up to New York City to assist local hospitals. The ship is scheduled to depart on March 28 and scheduled to arrive in New York City on March 30. Governor Cuomo announces the state will allow two patients to share one ventilator.
  • March 27 – A survey of more than forty leading economists by the University of Chicago published on March 27 indicated that prematurely ending lockdowns would do more economic harm than good. Specifically, none of the economists surveyed disagreed with the statement that: “Abandoning severe lockdowns at a time when the likelihood of a resurgence in infections remains high will lead to greater total economic damage than sustaining the lockdowns to eliminate the resurgence risk.” President Trump signs the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act into law
  • March 29 – Admiral Brett Giroir of the United States Public Health Service reports, at the President’s Sunday press conference, that total testing for the virus in the U.S. is 894,000. In Michigan, State Representative Isaac Robinson passes away of suspected coronavirus at the age of 44. The state’s total number of coronavirus cases increases to 5,524 with 132 deaths.
Online learning
  • March 31 – Georgia Governor Brian Kemp suspends in class instruction for all Georgia public schools for the remainder of the 2019–2020 school year. Students will continue their education through online formats. Ohio has 2,199 cases; 585 resulted in hospitalization and 55 resulted in death. Governor DeWine announces an order requiring that organizations with ventilators or similar devices report them to the state.

At the end of March, Our World in Data reported there were 3,170 deaths, 164,620 confirmed cases, and 1.07 million tests completed in the U.S.

**The majority of the timeline originated from Wikipedia at the following link:

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